Functions, Power and Duties of Nepal Bar Council

Nepal Bar Council

Nepal Bar Council

Nepal Bar Council is an independent legal institution established by the Nepal Bar Council Act, 2050. The main objectives of the Nepal Bar Council are to promote, protect and regulate the activities of law practitioners in a more professional manner. Nepal Bar Council discharges its duties and responsibilities in accordance with this Act and the rules and regulations framed thereunder in areas of internal Management, Financial Administration, Rules of Employees, code of Conduct for Lawyers, Curriculum for examination, and conducting the examinations for law practice, etc.

Structure of Nepal Bar Council

There are 13 councilors in the Nepal Bar Council, which was formed to fulfill the purpose of the council. In which the Attorney General of the State of Nepal is the ex-officio president, the president of the Nepal Bar Association is the ex-officio vice-president, the Registrar of the Supreme Court and the Dean of the Tribhuvan University Law Faculty are the ex-officio councilors. Similarly, 7 councilors are elected from the 7 provinces of the state of Nepal for a 5-year term of office by senior advocates and advocates working in the same field at the rate of 1, while 2 councilors are nominated from the Nepal Bar Association for a 2-year term. Elected and nominated councilors must be senior advocates or advocates with professional experience who have worked in the legal profession for at least 10 years.

1Attorney GeneralChairman
2Chairman of Nepal Bar AssociationVice-chairman
3Registrar of the Supreme Court of Nepalex-officio Councilor
4Dean of the Faculty of Law, Tribhuvan Universityex-officio Councilor
5One each from seven provinces of NepalCouncilors
6Two are nominated by the Nepal Bar AssociationCouncilor

Functions, Power, and Duties of Nepal Bar Council

The functions, powers, and duties of the Nepal Bar Council are mentioned under Section 8(1) of the Nepal Bar Council Act, 2050. The functions, duties, and powers of the Nepal Bar Council are as follows:

(a) To take examinations of the persons entering into the Legal Profession,

(b) To make procedural provisions regarding the registration of names of Legal Practitioners,

(c) To register a person who is qualified as a Legal Practitioner,

(d) To monitor whether the Legal Practitioners are working in accordance with the prescribed professional code of conduct or not,

(e) To entertain a complaint about the work carried out by a Legal Practitioner against the professional code of conduct and send it to the disciplinary committee for action,

(f) To determine the procedure for the disciplinary committee and other committees,

(g) To file a case against the person who violates the provision of this Act,

(h) To protect the prestige, dignity, security, rights, welfare, and facilities of Legal Practitioners,

(i) To recommend proper educational standards for the legal profession in consultation with the university to increase the standard of legal education,

(j) To appoint necessary staff and make provisions for their remuneration and facilities,

(k) To make provisions for necessary training to maintain the legal profession prestigious by providing practical experience to the Legal Practitioners,

(l) To make provision for education, discussion, seminars, workshops, and talk-programs, etc. to promote the right and welfare of Legal Practitioners and manage for publication,

(m) To arrange for the funds of the Council,

(n) To carry out other works as mentioned in this Act,

(o) To carry out other functions necessary to meet the objectives of this Act.


Nepal Bar Council is established for regulating the legal profession in Nepal by granting licenses to lawyers, making a code of conduct for maintaining the legal profession as a high profession, and taking action against any lawyers who are violating the rules and regulations of the Bar Council and work against Professional Rule of Conduct, 2079. Nepal Bar Council conducts an exam for a lawyering license and grants a license to a law practitioner.


Read also:- Functions, Duties and Powers of Judicial Council of Nepal

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