Discuss the role of the President in the Constitution of Nepal

Discuss the role of the President in the Constitution of Nepal

President is the Head of the State. The government system of Nepal is parliamentary system of government. In parliamentary system of government, Prime Minister is the head of Government but President is only nominal Head of the State.

Role of the President in the Constitution of Nepal

To protect and promote of national unity: The President plays a great role to protect and promote national unity by strengthening the feeling of patriotism in people. The President should not do anything in favour of political parties in the government. Constitution of Nepal clearly stated that the President should protect and promote national unity.

To abide by constitution and protect constitution:

The President is not free to do anything as he or she wishes. The President can do only those things which is permitted by the constitution and law. If the President do any action against provisions of the constitution then he or she may be subjected to impeachment.

To perform functions on the recommendation and with consent of the Council of Ministers:

The President is only a nominal head of the state. The President has to perform his/her actions according to recommendation and consent of council of ministers.

To assent on bill:

According to Article 113 of the Constitution, Certifying the bill by the President is an important part of making law. Without certifying of the President, any bill cannot become law. Therefore, it's important to have assent on bill by the President in order to enforcing new laws.

To issue ordinance:

According to Article 114 of the Constitution, If at any time, except when both Houses of Federal Parliament are not in session, then Ordinance can only be promulgated by the President on the recommendation of Council of Ministers.

To declare or order a state of emergency: 

Article 273 of the Constitution of Nepal has provided the President with the Power of Emergency. The President can only declare or order a state of emergency if a grave emergency arises in regard to sovereignty, territorial integrity of Nepal or the security of any part of Nepal by war, external aggression, armed rebellion etc.

To grant pardons:

According to Article 276 of the Constitution, the President can grant pardon, suspend, commute or remit any sentence passed by any Court, judicial or quasi-judicial body or administrative body.

Titles, Honoured and Decorations:

Article 277 of the Constitution of Nepal has provided power to the President to confer titles, honours and decorations on the behalf of the State.

Role of President as Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Army:

Article 267 of the Constitution of Nepal has stated that the President is the supreme commander-in-chief of the Nepal Army. The President can mobilize the Nepal Army on the recommendation of National Security Council and decision of Government of Nepal in case where a grave emergency arises in regard to the sovereignty or territorial integrity or security of Nepal by war, external aggression or armed rebellion etc.

Constitutional Appointment:

The President is the head of the state and he or she has a duty to appoint various officers for various post on the recommendation of Council of Ministers. For example, the President appoints Prime Minister, Chief Justice, Officers of Constitutional Bodies, Commander-in-Chief of Army and so on.

Anish Kumar Tiwari

I am Anish Kumar Tiwari, founder of this blog. I can write very well on any topics and I like to share information on different topics through my blog. Thank you for visiting my blog.

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